In 1990 the Central Statistical Service of South Africa sponsored a household expenditure survey in a sub-set of households in 12 major metro/urban areas in the country. The aim of the survey was to obtain data on income and expenditure patterns of South African households on which the Consumer Price Index (CPS) and various other economic indicators could be based. The survey was conducted by Markdata, the fieldwork arm of the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC). All population groups were enumerated but this dataset does not contain data files for the "white" population group.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data
Unit of Analysis
Households and individuals
v1.1: Edited, anonymised dataset for licensed distribution
Version 1 of the IES 1990 was received from the Central Statistics Service (now Statistics South Africa) by Dr Peter Moll of the World Bank in 1992. This version was provided to DataFirst in 2012.
Version 1.1 has variable labels added by DataFirst. Note there is no data file for the "white" population group, as this was not provided to DataFirst.
This survey provides data on the household earnings and spending of South African households in the 12 largest urban areas in South Africa
The IES 1990 only collected data on expenditure from the 12 largest urban areas in the country, leaving out buying patters in small towns and rural areas.
Areas enumerated were: Cape Peninsula, Port Elizabeth- Uitenhage, East London, Kimberley, Pietermaritz burg, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Witwatersrand (excl Jhb), Klerksdorp, Vaal Triangle, Orange Free State-Gold Fields, Bloemfontein.
The lowest level of geographic aggregation covered by the data is magisterial district.
The survey covered all household members in the selected areas
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistical Service (now Statistics South Africa)
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC)
Two survey instruments were provided in the IES 1990: A detailed "long" questionnaire and a "short" questionnaire without detailed classification of expenditure items. The "short" questionnaire was completed by two out of three households enumerated. The "short" and "long" questionnaires are identified separately in the variable q_type. "Long" questionnaires are indicated as questionnaire = 1 and "short' questionnaires as questionnaire = 2.
Licensed use files, available for non-commercial use only
Central Statistical Service. Income and Expenditure Survey 1990 [dataset]. Version 1.1. Pretoria: Central Statistical Service [producer], 1992. Cape Town: DataFirst [distributor], 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25828/jznt-0c26