The 2001 migration study was commissioned by the Department of Planning, Local Government and Housing of the Provincial Government of the Western Cape, and managed by a steering committee comprising senior academics from the Universities of Cape Town, Stellenbosch and the Western Cape together with provincial officials. The purpose of the study was to establish a reliable profile of migration into and within the Western Cape province, and to identify a method that could be employed by municipal officials for the systematic monitoring of future migration streams. Migration within the province was analysed along two dimensions: in terms of the three settlement categories: rural, small town and ‘metro’, and, spatially, in terms of migration between the five new ( i.e. 2001) District boundaries.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data
Unit of Analysis
Households and individuals
v1: Edited, anonymised data for licensed distribution
The study examined the nature and scope of provincial out-migration, and in-migration from foreign African sending areas to the province, the influence of educational and health provincial state services on migration into the province, and the relationship between migration streams and the spread of the HIV-AIDS epidemic in the province. Questions were asked on: Household members, socio-economic status and social captial, housing and infrastructure, retirement, migration history of HOH and HoH attitudes to migration.
The basic unit of spatial analysis in the survey is referred to as a settlement area and defined as a ‘named localised settled area’ (or farm). Migration is defined as a change of residence between (not within) settlement areas. In so far as possible, the boundaries of settlement categories have been defined to coincide with those of settlement areas. The distinction between 'rural' and 'urban' is based upon the classification of Enumerator Areas (EAs) as either urban or nonurban (assigned a 'NU' label). Maps showing residential units for the EAs (developed by Statistics SA for census purposes) were available for the province as a whole. Other geographic units identified in the survey were the new (2001) District Municipalities, of which there are five (together with Cape Town Unicity).
All residents of the Western Cape Province were included in the study
Producers and sponsors
Western Cape Government
A sample survey of 2016 randomly-selected WC provincial residents was designed. First, a list of all Enumerator Areas (EAs) falling within the province (n=7203) was obtained from the Statistics South Africa (SSA) office in Cape Town. These EAs are available according to District (and Unicity). Secondly, using random selection techniques, EAs were selected in the six geographic Districts shown in the table (A.1) below. These were then listed, identified as settlement areas in terms of their urban places' former group area racial classification and rank-ordered so as to conform to the needs of the table below. Subsequently, for those entered into the table, EA maps were obtained from SSA and dwelling units shown on each map were selected on a random spatial basis. 32 dwellings in each EA were selected in this fashion. The survey research team subsequently visited each of these areas during the period July - October 2001. 1621 survey interviews were completed, in the dominant language of the neighbourhood (Afrikaans, Xhosa or English).
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Goldin Impact (mini-survey conducted prior to the main survey)
Datadesk (main survey)
A questionnaire which had been applied in earlier migration studies was used as a point of departure to develop a questionnaire for the survey. This instrument focused on households and was designed so that the head of household (HoH) provides information about other members of the household as well as the migration history of the household (assumed to be the same as the migration history of the HoH respondent). Two separate datasets are
generated by using such an instrument – one comprising household data and a second individual data. The questionnaire was designed to cover the following relevant issues: household member and socio-economicdata, housing and infrastructure, migration history of HOH, issues relating to social capital, retirement plans and potential for ‘moving on’, and HoH attitudes to migration.
Stellenbosch University & Western Cape Government. Migration Study in the Western Cape 2002 [dataset]. Version 1. Stellenbosch & Cape Town: University of Stellenbosch & Western Cape Government [producers], 2002. Cape Town: DataFirst [distributor], 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25828/pjyx-rf08