The Ghana Living Standards Survey Round Six (GLSS6) like previous rounds focuses on the household as the key socio-economic unit and provides valuable information on the living conditions and well-being of households in Ghana. A nationally representative sample of 18,000 households in 1,200 enumeration areas was covered in the survey. Of this number, 16,772 were successfully enumerated leading to a response rate of 93.2 percent. Detailed information collected on Demographic characteristics of households, Education, Health, Employment, Migration and Tourism, Housing conditions, Household Agriculture, Household Expenditure, Income and their components and Access to Financial Services, Credit and Assets, Governance Peace and Security.
The main objectives of the sixth round of the Ghana living Standards Survey Round Six are to:
. Provide information on the patterns of household consumption and expenditure at a lower level of disaggregation.
. Serve as the basis for the construction of a new basket for the next re-basing of the Consumer Price Index.
. Provide information for up-dating the country's National Accounts.
. Provide information on household access to and use of financial services.
. Estimate the number of persons in the labour force (Employed, Under-employed and Unemployed) and their distribution by sex, major age-groups, educational level, disability status, geographical and rural/ urban spread, as well as the ecological manifestations of these.
. Estimate the number of child workers (or children in employment) aged 5-17 years, and its distribution by sex, major age-groups, educational status, geographical, ecological and rural/urban spread
Kind of Data
Sample survey data
Unit of Analysis
Households and individuals
The scope of the Ghana Living Standards Survey includes:
Individuals: Demographic characteristics like education, health, economic activty, migration and tourism of individuals in the household
Households: Housing characteristics, agricultural inputs, crop production, expenditure on food items consumed, assets, remmitances, savings and loans
Community: Demographic characteristics of rural communities, economy and infrastructure, education, health and agriculture
Information & Communication Technologies
Children & Youth
Solid Waste Management
Migration & Remittances
Access to Finance
The survey is nationally representative
The survey covered all household members
Producers and sponsors
Ghana Statistical Service
Government of Ghana
International Labour Organaisation
UK Department for International Development
United Nations Childrens Education Fund
United Nations Development Programme
Deviations from the Sample Design
No deviation from the sample
A nationally representative sample of 18,000 households in 1,200 enumeration areas was covered in the survey. Of this number, 16,772 were successfully enumerated leading to a response rate of 93.2 percent
Sample weights for the household data were computed as the inverse of the probability of selection of the household, computed at the EA level as weight in the data
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Ghana Statistical Service
Government of Ghana
Six different questionnaires were used for the GLSS 6 survey: PART A, PART B, SECTION 10, COMMUNITY , PRICE and GOVERNANCE PEACE AND SECURITY questionnaires:
Household questionnaire Part A includes:
Section 1: Household roster collecting information on age, sex, marital status, nationality, religion etc.
Section 2: Education- General education, Educational carreer, Literacy and Apprenticeship.
Section 3: Health - Health conditions, Preventive health, Immunisation, Post natal care, Fertility, Contraceptive use and HIV awareness and Health insurance.
Section 4: Employment and time use, activity status and characteristics of main and secondary jobs, underemployment, unemployment,
employment search and housekeeping activities for last 7days and 12 months.
Section 5: Migration, Domestic and Outbound tourism.
Section 6: Identification of household members for agriculture and Non farm enterprises.
Section 7: Housing characteristics (type of dwelling, utilities and housing expenses), Information technology.
Household questionnaire Part B collected information on:
Section 8: Agricultural assets, Land, Livestock and Equipment, Farm details, Harvest and disposal of crops, Seasonality of sales and purchases of key
staples, Other agricultural income in cash and kind, Processing of agricultural produce and Consumption of own produce.
Section 9: Household expenditure on food and non food, frequently purchased and less frequently purchased items,
Availability of selected consumer items.
Household questionnaire Section 10 collected information on:
Basic characteristics of non farm enterprises, Wage earnings, Employment,
Revenue of enterprises, (closing stock, sales and exports),
Wholesale and retail activities, Preparation of meals, Other revenue,
Expenditure of enterprises and assets of enterprises.
Section 11: Income transfer and receipts by households, Income and miscellaneous income and expenditure, Migration and Remitances of returned
and current migrants , Improvement to dwelling
Section 12: Credit, assets, consumer goods and Savings.
Section 1: Demographic information of the community ( total population, ethnic groupings etc)
Section 2: Economy and infrastructure
Section 3: Education
Section 4: Health
Section 5: Agriculture
Collected data on prices and quantity of food and Non-food items.
Governance, peace and security questionnaire collected data on:
Part A: Theft, Robery and Burglary,
Part B: Sexual offences
Part C: Violence and Security
Part D: Safety
Part E: Peace and Social Cohesion
Part F: Political Engagement
Part G: Governance- Effectiveness of Government agencies
Estimates of Sampling Error
Sampling errors were calculated for some key variables. Refer to the GLSS 6 Main Report Appendix 1 attached to external resources for sampling error estimates.