Migration and development in Africa: An overview

Type Working Paper - Southern African Migration Programme. African Migration & Development Series
Title Migration and development in Africa: An overview
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2006
URL https://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1014&context=samp
The aim of this study is to synthesise existing research on migration in Africa, and its relationship to development policy. The report focuses on the relationship between migration, poverty and pro-poor development policy. Pro-poor policy is taken here to mean policies that are context-specific, listen and react to poor people’s voices, and/or seek to assist poor people to become less vulnerable and build up their income and assets. Government health and education policies might not be considered intrinsically pro-poor, but become so where they are targeted at widening access to health and education services,
and especially basic health and education services (e.g. primary care, vaccination campaigns, primary schooling), or at responding to the specific needs of the poor. Pro-poor policies might also seek to identify and support poor people’s livelihoods, through the promotion of social protection mechanisms (ranging from pensions, health insurance, maternity benefit and unemployment benefits to food aid and other social assistance) or enhancement and enforcement of poor people’s rights. In turn, our focus is not only on the policies of developing country governments, but also on those of non-government
and intergovernmental organisations, and of donor nations. In terms of migration, the study covers both international and internal migration.

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