Stillbirths and early neonatal mortality in rural Northern Ghana

Type Journal Article - Tropical Medicine & International Health
Title Stillbirths and early neonatal mortality in rural Northern Ghana
Volume 17
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
Page numbers 272-282
Objective: To calculate perinatal mortality (stillbirth and early neonatal death: END) rates in the Upper East region of Ghana and characterize community-based stillbirths and END in terms of timing, cause of death, and maternal and infant risk factors.
Methods: Birth outcomes were obtained from the Navrongo Health and Demographic Surveillance System over a 7-year period.
Results: Twenty thousand four hundred and ninty seven pregnant women were registered in the study. The perinatal mortality rate was 39 deaths/1000 deliveries, stillbirth rate 23/1000 deliveries and END rates 16/1000 live births. Most stillbirths were 31 weeks gestation or less. Prematurity, first-time delivery and multiple gestation all significantly increased the odds of perinatal death. Approximately 70% of END occurred during the first 3 postnatal days, and the most common causes of death were birth asphyxia and injury, infections and prematurity.
Conclusion: Stillbirths and END remain a significant problem in Navrongo. The main causes of END occur during the first 3 days and may be modifiable with simple targeted perinatal policies.

Related studies