|Journal Article - Life Science Journal
|Assessment of households’ access to electricity and modern cooking fuels in rural and urban Nigeria: Insights from DHS data
Nigerian domestic energy crises are significantly paradoxical given the high spectrum of energy resources that the country is naturally endowed with. This study analysed the factors influencing access to electricity and use of modern cooking fuel in Nigeria. The data were the 2008 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) comprising 34070 respondents. The data were analysed with descriptive statistics and Seemingly Unrelated Bivariate Probit (SUBP) regression. The results show that 45.57 percent of all the households had access to electricity with 82.25 percent in urban and 28.72 percent in rural areas. Also, 0.82 percent and 0.13 percent of urban and rural respondents respectively primarily used electricity for cooking, while 44.82 percent and 9.87 used kerosene. However, 83.99 percent and 42.53 percent of urban and rural households respectively used wood for cooking. The results of the SUBP regression show that access to electricity and modern cooking energy sources significantly increased (p<0.01) among urban dwellers, educated household heads but declined with resident in northern Nigeria. It was concluded that Nigerian government needs to properly design some institutional mechanisms and approaches for increasing
access to modern energy to reduce indoor pollution and other associated health hazards.
|Nigeria - Demographic and Health Survey 2008, Nigeria