Poverty and ethnicity among black South Africans

Type Journal Article - The European Journal of Development Research
Title Poverty and ethnicity among black South Africans
Volume 27
Issue 5
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 921-942
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/ejdr.2014.76
This article investigated inequalities across the major black ethnic groups in South Africa, accounting for 80 per cent of the country’s population. We have demonstrated that there is an important ethnic gap in the poverty levels and flows of the Xhosa and the Zulu with respect to the Sotho/Tswana. We have also shown that these gaps are largely associated with the former groups having an accumulation of disadvantages in location, demographic structure, education and labour market outcomes. The analysis of the evolution that occurred after the end of apartheid shows that the gap might have increased, especially in the case of the Zulu.

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