|Journal Article - Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science
|Assessment of welfare shocks and food insecurity in Ephraim Mogale and Greater Tubatse Municipality Of Sekhukhune Districts, Limpopo Province, South Africa
This study has assessed the welfare shocks and household food Insecurity in Ephraim Mogale and Greater Tubatse municipality of Sekhukhune district, Limpopo Province in South Africa. The study identified shocks affecting livelihood at household level and also determined the food insecurity status of households. Structured questionnaire was administered for data collection. Two hundred households were involved in the study with 100 households selected from each municipality. All response from the questionnaires was tabulated and processed with the use of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) programme. Three analytical tools were used to achieve the objectives of the study such as, Descriptive statistics, Household Food insecurity Assessment Scale (HFIAS) and linear regression model. Majority of households experience different form of
shocks in their households. Increase in food prices, high level of livestock disease, drought, death of a household member and chronic illness such as Diabetes, HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis are the most important shocks experienced. Approximately 22.2% of households were characterized as being food secure, 32.2% as mildly food insecure, 34.2% as moderately food insecure while 11.4% are severely food insecure. The main determinants of food security from the sample survey were Education, Unskilled wage labour, Grants, pension and disability funds whereby high-level of livestock diseases, illness or accidental loss, death of an household member tends to expose households to higher risk of food insecurity. Policy recommendations are made on promoting education, industrialization, employment opportunities in the rural areas.
|South Africa - General Household Survey 2009